青木まり子

There are also said to be cases where what presents is not an urge to defecate but an urge to urinate, or need to urinate frequently. The series of processes through which being in a bookstore leads to an awareness of a defecation urge is something that cannot be explained from a medical perspective as a single pathological concept, at least at present. An Onojo City-based 26-year-old female piano teacher with a book bowel tendency has reflected that it may be due to the ethereal mental state when standing to read books in bookstores, one that is a mix of both relaxation and nervous excitement. Clinical psychologist Toshio Kasahara, meanwhile, conjectures that if a person suffering from this phenomenon is still going all the way to a bookstore despite experiencing anticipatory anxiety, their desire to go into a bookstore must be greater than that strong anxiety. Hamamoto stated that the phenomenon was not just a one-time topic and is probably one that will continue to be talked about into the future. According to one very small-scale study, while the fact that people with a book bowel tendency existed throughout all of Japan indicated a lack of any regional difference, a female bias was observed with a male to female ratio of between 1:4 to 1:2. A 27-year-old worker living in Kyoto City who struggled with bookstore defecation urges heard that his steam locomotive obsessed friend, by contrast, had experience being struck by sudden defecation urges whenever locomotives approached, and thus considers that the "thrilling" mood felt when one is close to something one likes could be related to this phenomenon. Another person who used to be struck by a defecation urge whenever going to a bookstore reported that the symptoms suddenly resolved themselves immediately upon starting a part-time job at a bookstore. Book Magazine publisher Koji Meguro believed that one of the reasons that the reaction was so considerable was that it was an ordinary, young woman who had divulged this concern regarding the delicate topic of her own defecation urge. On the 1998 television program The Real Side of Un'nan in the episode broadcast on October 28, 1998 on TBS Television , personalities claiming to have experienced the phenomenon—including Kiyotaka Nanbara, Maako Kido, Seiko Ito and Keisuke Horibe—carried out extensive tests that also featured experts. A 27-year-old worker living in Kyoto City who struggled with bookstore defecation urges heard that his steam locomotive obsessed friend, by contrast, had experience being struck by sudden defecation urges whenever locomotives approached, and thus considers that the "thrilling" mood felt when one is close to something one likes could be related to this phenomenon. Even in cases where the subject manages to remain continent, it is described as "a frustrating situation of half wanting to go to the bathroom and half feeling like one can put it off". The essayist Mariko Ishibashi stated in a 1995 essay that the defecation urge is induced by the nervous tension generated when a "flood of information" pours into one's field of vision. According to a number of discussions on the topic, even if it can be sufficiently found that this phenomenon actually exists, it is a concept that would be difficult to be deemed a specific pathological entity such as a "Mariko Aoki disease", for example. In the stressful life of modern-day society, many people experience interrupted bowel habits and the constipation that this causes. Mariko Aoki herself has been interviewed multiple times by the Book Magazine editorial department since 1985, and has remarked that she is not particularly bothered by her name being used. This can be considered to be due to the impact of television programs that were broadcast during that time. But there is not a complete absence of cases among people related to bookstores. Rectal curvature when standing left and leaning over right. Borrowing from this approach, this article also uses expressions from existing medical terminology for convenience. Mariko Aoki's mother, however, had said that she feels there might be some kind of genetic factor involved in the phenomenon, given that her own younger brother i. As for locations where the phenomenon is experienced, reports include that "symptoms are particular strong when in a large bookstore", "it readily occurs at English language booksellers", "it can occur not just in bookstores that sell new books but also in secondhand bookstores or libraries", "it occurs only in libraries", and when the member of a magazine editorial team "is in the company's archives room". The Japanese orthopedic surgeon and author Naruhito Fujita has said in relation to the Mariko Aoki phenomenon that the functions of the nervous system on the intestines are not as simple as something that can be explained in dualistic terms with the sympathetic and. He notes that in Aoki's first magazine contribution on the subject she wrote that she would experience the symptoms whether "cradling a high-brow literary tome" or "standing to browse-read a manga comic," and Aoki has responded in subsequent interviews that her symptoms were not limited to occasions involving "any specific book. The television program The Real Side of Un'nan TBS TV conducted experiments from 1998 to 1999 to see whether the smell of ink could induce a defecation urge, but no results were obtained that supported the theory. Actual experiments were conducted on the television program, but no clear conclusions were reached. It has also been posited that the tendency is uncommon in so-called "sporty males". Also, the radio program Young Paradise on Nippon Broadcasting System from 1983 to 1990 had a corner for sharing bowel movement related episodes, and one time the defecation urge felt in bookstores was discussed by being referred to as the "Yoshiko Yamada syndrome". The result of the experiment was that, except for one subject with severe constipation, three of the test subjects soon achieved bowel movements. Matsuo believes that because a person reading a book while standing in a bookstore will tend to have a downcast gaze, the operation of a mechanism similar to the foregoing may serve as one cause of motility being stimulated. There is also an interpretation that it is simply "because people always read on the toilet when at home". However, the psychologist who introduced this theory considered it to be a "lame explanation". The radiologist proposes that when the rectum stoops forward, the curvature is lost and any stool held there moves down to toward the anus. Touching on the phenomenon in which hamsters and other small animals defecate when they feel fear or nervous tension, the orthopedic surgeon and author Naruhito Fujita has explained the similar points between that and the phenomenon of a defecation urge being triggered by the "exciting and thrilling feeling" of being in a bookstore. In 2012 on the television program The Quiz God TBS; episode broadcast on June 29, 2012 , the contestants were asked the question, "What is the name generally given to the phenomenon named after the woman who submitted a letter to a magazine in 1985 about the phenomenon of experiencing a defecation urge when one is in a bookstore for a long period of time? The topic was favorably introduced in 1995 on the television program Lifestyle Refresh Morning in the episode broadcast on July 26, 1995 on NHKG. In hyperresponsive reactions to stress, the sympathetic nerves take precedence, ordinarily leading to a constipative tendency. The series of processes through which being in a bookstore leads to an awareness of a defecation urge is something that cannot be explained from a medical perspective as a single pathological concept, at least at present. Top selections from "Book Magazine" No. The topic was favorably introduced in 1995 on the television program Lifestyle Refresh Morning in the episode broadcast on July 26, 1995 on NHKG. However, Mariko Aoki's letter constituting primary literature in this respect contains the language "I ended up with the same disease soon after my friend complained of her own symptoms ", and it is also a fact that in humorous contexts the phenomenon is likened to a disease. While there is no clear peak age of onset, instances of adult onset appear to be common, with the 20s and 30s age groups being prominent. The psychiatrists Masao Nagazawa 1985 and Kazuo Sakai 2003 have concluded that "it is unclear what the specific causes might be, but, at the least, experiencing a "defecation urge in a bookstore" is not a disease". Although an extreme example, one company executive reported "I make sure never to get anywhere near a bookstore. One opinion is that "it often happens when reading serious books such as literary works". There was a big response to this broadcast, and the program featured special segments related to this topic on multiple occasions thereafter such as in the episode broadcast on January 20, 1999. Ido acknowledges that this alone is unable to explain all aspects of the phenomenon as a whole, but considers that it at least accounts for part of the connection between bookstores and the defecation urge. Mariko Aoki's mother, however, had said that she feels there might be some kind of genetic factor involved in the phenomenon, given that her own younger brother i. In 2002, an Internet search using the keywords "bookstore, defecation urge" produced links to dozens of websites discussing the phenomenon. This is based on an interpretive model in which a defecation urge arises due to focusing one's gaze on a single point while adopting an upright or a slightly head-down posture. Printed in the magazine's 40th volume in February 1985 , the letter was by a woman from Suginami city in Tokyo who was 29 years old at the time, and stated that "I'm not sure why, but since about two or three years ago, whenever I go to a bookstore I am struck by an urge to move my bowels. Another person who used to be struck by a defecation urge whenever going to a bookstore reported that the symptoms suddenly resolved themselves immediately upon starting a part-time job at a bookstore. However, it is considered possible, in special circumstances—for example, when shown a glass of cold milk—for the gut to experiencing a loosening by way of a type of conditioned response mechanism. The astrologist Rene van Dahl Watanabe stated that intellectual appetite and curiosity are characteristics of bookstores, theorizing that the feeling of a type of nervous tension in response to these characteristics provoke the series of symptoms. This can be considered to be due to the impact of television programs that were broadcast during that time. While of course the phrase "Mariko Aoki phenomenon" is not one generally used in fields such as medicine or biology, due to its history of being a topic of interest such as in the examples set out above it is even sometimes introduced as being standard nomenclature. But there is not a complete absence of cases among people related to bookstores. In the stressful life of modern-day society, many people experience interrupted bowel habits and the constipation that this causes. On the other hand, there is also a report that casts a negative light on this theory. The state of mind immediately prior to and following onset has been complained of as a deflating feeling "of sheer patheticness". These kinds of "notions" are referred to in diagnostics as patient , and can assist in elucidating the pathological condition. The novelist Jiro Asada has said that the strength of the symptoms are proportionally related to the size of the bookstore and the degree of difficulty of the books he is looking for. On the other hand, there is also a view that intrinsic factors such as individuals' mental status are the cause. In this way, it has been known from the outset that the phenomenon has a tendency to be transmitted from person to person. In 1997 when The Yomiuri Shimbun interviewed two novelists, the first——proffered the theory that "the feeling of nervous tension provoked by being in a sacred place in which knowledge is collected sets off peristaltic movement", while the second—Jiro Asada—indicated a belief that "the mental pressure in response to printed words is the cause". In relation to this, it has been noted that it was popular in late 1980s Japan to have words ending with ". There are also cases where, once people exit a bookstore due to having perceived a defecation urge, before they know it the symptoms have subsided. Shinichiro Namiki, a researcher of paranormal phenomena, held that this theory is difficult to sustain since i symptoms are not observed in workers at places such as printeries or bookstores and ii symptoms can occur at places unrelated to the smell of books, such as rental video stores. Other explanatory models than these include "paper allergy", "the scent of the ink unique to the color pages of centerfolds stimulates the bowel", "the orderliness of books arranged on the shelves stimulates the brain", "reading printed characters stimulates the cranial nerves, which issue a command to the lower body", "the tactile sensation of holding a book evokes the defecatory act", "the relaxed upright posture when standing to read books instore causes feces to move downwards", and "because it is the person's custom to always fill up their empty stomach before going to a bookstore". Modern society has seen the increased advancement of information technology, but too much information can end up being harmful. The essayist Mariko Ishibashi stated in a 1995 essay that the defecation urge is induced by the nervous tension generated when a "flood of information" pours into one's field of vision. Based on this experience, Tsuchiya contests that it can hardly be the case that paper, ink, adhesives, or some other substance from which books are composed could be the cause of the defecation urge. In the course of such discussion, the phenomenon the sudden occurrence of a defecation urge when in bookstores came to be named the "Mariko Aoki phenomenon", after the author of the original letter. People walking around looking for a bathroom have also been described as "wearing a vacant stare". In 2006, the philosopher Kenji Tsuchiya once attempted an experiment in which he gathered together some freshly delivered newspapers and newly purchased books, and then covered his face in the newspapers and books for 10 minutes each while doing deep breathing. Mariko Aoki herself has offered as explanatory models "that the smell of new books upregulates metabolism" or "that the defecatory nerve center is stimulated by tracking your eyes across the spines of books". Borrowing from this approach, this article also uses expressions from existing medical terminology for convenience. An editor of Book Magazine believes that experiencing a defecation urge at certain bookstores is often due to the abdomen becoming being cooled as a result of the bookstores economizing on heating. The editors of the magazine received reports of other readers who had similar experiences, and named it the "Mariko Aoki phenomenon". Another factor that increased its visibility was when, in 2003, the weekly magazine Aera November 17, 2003 edition; The Asahi Shimbun Co. An editor of Book Magazine believes that experiencing a defecation urge at certain bookstores is often due to the abdomen becoming being cooled as a result of the bookstores economizing on heating. However, the psychologist who introduced this theory considered it to be a "lame explanation". It also has a strong foothold in the online community as a dominant theory. The phenomenon has continued to be referred to sporadically in various media since 1985 and has given birth to a large amount of conjecture and speculation. For example, the magazine Common Man Weekly August 31, 1984 issue records television newscaster Tetsuo Suda talking about a similar experience. One report has estimated the prevalence as being between 1 in 10 to 1 in 20 people. Based on this experience, Tsuchiya contests that it can hardly be the case that paper, ink, adhesives, or some other substance from which books are composed could be the cause of the defecation urge. In the weekly magazine Aera November 17, 2003 edition; The Asahi Shimbun Co. There are some people who say that they are unable to successfully move their bowels unless they read something, while some people so completely link defecation with reading that they "are able to finish off their reading readily when they have diarrhea but struggle to make progress in reading when they are constipated". According to this theory, the industry mixes large quantities of certain chemical substances into books and other paper products handled in day-to-day life, and these chemicals have the effect of stimulating the defecation urge, which increases the demand for toilet paper. Matsuo believes that because a person reading a book while standing in a bookstore will tend to have a downcast gaze, the operation of a mechanism similar to the foregoing may serve as one cause of motility being stimulated. There are also people who fall into a state of anticipatory anxiety about "whether it might happen again next time". Matsuo believes that because a person reading a book while standing in a bookstore will tend to have a downcast gaze, the operation of a mechanism similar to the foregoing may serve as one cause of motility being stimulated. It has also been posited that the tendency is uncommon in so-called "sporty males". There are some people who say that they are unable to successfully move their bowels unless they read something, while some people so completely link defecation with reading that they "are able to finish off their reading readily when they have diarrhea but struggle to make progress in reading when they are constipated". In the course of such discussion, the phenomenon the sudden occurrence of a defecation urge when in bookstores came to be named the "Mariko Aoki phenomenon", after the author of the original letter. According to the Japanese essayist Mariko Ishibashi, this was "the leading theory" as of 1995. The psychological hypothesis that the effect arises from feelings of nervous tension in the face of all the information represented on the bookshelves is well supported by literary figures see 6. The name of the phenomenon was also displayed on the cover of that issue, which has been said to have led to the name's becoming known throughout Japan. Psychiatrist Takashi Sumioka 1997 , meanwhile, has noted the possibility that hidden behind the symptom of "wanting to go to the bathroom" may be a condition such as irritable bowel syndrome or anxiety disorder. It appears to have already been raised in the media from as early as the 1980s. There has been found to many affected individuals among people such as authors and those involved in publishing. Cases have also been identified where the phenomenon does not occur in bookstores, secondhand bookstores, or libraries, but in places such as CD stores, video rental stores, and video game stores. It also has a strong foothold in the online community as a dominant theory. Cases have also been identified where the phenomenon does not occur in bookstores, secondhand bookstores, or libraries, but in places such as CD stores, video rental stores, and video game stores. In discussions on the Japanese television program The Real Side of Un'nan from 1998 to 1999, the theory was advocated that, in addition to standing in an upright position for a long period of time, the "oppressive nature of bookshelves" may be a cause of stimulating the defecation urge. As a specialist in eyelids, Matsuo has performed many operations on patients with drooping eyelid , and after noting that many of the patients suffering from ptosis also have symptoms like headaches and shoulder stiffness, has proposed the concept of "eyelid headaches. An Onojo City-based 26-year-old female piano teacher with a book bowel tendency has reflected that it may be due to the ethereal mental state when standing to read books in bookstores, one that is a mix of both relaxation and nervous excitement. Some people have talked of a peculiar experience of "a heightened feeling in the mind of deep, literary emotion". Naze hon'ya ni iru to moyo'osu no ka 2012; Arimine Shoten , the Japanese gastroenterological surgeon Masayoshi Ido states that, though there is no medical evidence, from experience the work of "moving one's eyes to find the target of our search from among rows of neatly arranged items" can induce the defecation urge. All variations of the phenomenon are expressed in the form of the symptom of "an inexplicable defecation urge related to bookstores". Clinical psychologist Toshio Kasahara, meanwhile, conjectures that if a person suffering from this phenomenon is still going all the way to a bookstore despite experiencing anticipatory anxiety, their desire to go into a bookstore must be greater than that strong anxiety. According to Kasahara, it is easier to think that not the anxiety but rather something that seeks to overcome the anxiety is a contributory psychogenic cause of the phenomenon. In an essay from 1981, the poet and novelist Shoichi Nejime confessed that he "is a person who experiences a defecation urge when he enters bookstores". Another factor that increased its visibility was when, in 2003, the weekly magazine Aera November 17, 2003 edition; The Asahi Shimbun Co. An Onojo City-based 26-year-old female piano teacher with a book bowel tendency has reflected that it may be due to the ethereal mental state when standing to read books in bookstores, one that is a mix of both relaxation and nervous excitement. On the other hand, instances of children who experience the phenomenon have also been reported. According to the Japanese essayist Mariko Ishibashi, this was "the leading theory" as of 1995. It can be said to be a phenomenon that anyone could potentially experience, as there appears to be no difference in the rate of incidence depending on family history. According to an online survey targeting working females aged 22 to 34 who were asked in what situations they tend to be confronted with a "sudden defecation urge", while responses were received of the likes of "when standing on the train on the way to work" and "when feeling nervous before a meeting", the response "when in a bookstore" stood out particularly. In order to prevent against the effects of false belief, the subjects were not told about the actual nature of the experiment a. There are also known to be cases of not simply a defecation urge but also symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhea. According to Aoki, the symptoms can develop in such situations regardless of the type of book, whether "when cradling a high-brow literary tome" or "when standing to browse-read a manga comic". The phenomenon has continued to be referred to sporadically in various media since 1985 and has given birth to a large amount of conjecture and speculation. Although this man's account of his experience did not garner any particular attention at the time of Vol. No epidemiological research regarding people with a book bowel tendency had been reported as of 2012, and nor do any statistics exist regarding a detailed morbidity rate or the like. All variations of the phenomenon are expressed in the form of the symptom of "an inexplicable defecation urge related to bookstores". There are some people who say that they are unable to successfully move their bowels unless they read something, while some people so completely link defecation with reading that they "are able to finish off their reading readily when they have diarrhea but struggle to make progress in reading when they are constipated". The phenomenon's name derives from the name of the woman who mentioned the phenomenon in a magazine article in 1985. There are also said to be cases where what presents is not an urge to defecate but an urge to urinate, or need to urinate frequently. According to one person from the bookstore industry, around that time university students could often be seen visiting bookstores to interview staff in order to research the phenomenon. No prodromal symptoms are known, with the phenomenon said to "occur regardless of how good one's physical condition is". The evidence for these explanations however remains weak. The novelist Jiro Asada has said that the strength of the symptoms are proportionally related to the size of the bookstore and the degree of difficulty of the books he is looking for. As for locations where the phenomenon is experienced, reports include that "symptoms are particular strong when in a large bookstore", "it readily occurs at English language booksellers", "it can occur not just in bookstores that sell new books but also in secondhand bookstores or libraries", "it occurs only in libraries", and when the member of a magazine editorial team "is in the company's archives room". In the same way, Uchida conjectures, people who linger in a bookstore become so mesmerized by the books that their thoughts take flight a "flight of ideas" state and the defecation urge appears as a kind of signal to prevent such flight. In fact, despite the five members of the Book Magazine editorial team who reported on the phenomenon all being non book-boweled initially, three of them had developed a book bowel tendency by the time that their investigations into the topic had concluded. There are also said to be cases where what presents is not an urge to defecate but an urge to urinate, or need to urinate frequently. In 2002, an Internet search using the keywords "bookstore, defecation urge" produced links to dozens of websites discussing the phenomenon. The Book Magazine reporting team listed features of this defecation urge that included urgency in the lower abdominal area, shivers across the entire body, facial pallor, cold sweat greasy sweat , and a bow-legged gait. There are also cases where, once people exit a bookstore due to having perceived a defecation urge, before they know it the symptoms have subsided. Also, the radio program Young Paradise on Nippon Broadcasting System from 1983 to 1990 had a corner for sharing bowel movement related episodes, and one time the defecation urge felt in bookstores was discussed by being referred to as the "Yoshiko Yamada syndrome". He considers it a likely explanation that smells and movement and other such external stimuli as well as psychological factors bring about a relaxation effect, and that the resulting parasympathetic dominance in the autonomic nervous system induces effects such as intestinal peristalsis or contraction of the bladder. The circumstances of the moment in which the defecation urge appears have been described as including "when reading the spine covers of books", "when looking through the bookshelves in bookstores", "when standing in bookstores while browse-reading", "when viewing the spine titles of the array of books laid out on bookshelves", "as soon as having entered a bookstore and being surrounded by bookshelves", "when selecting a book from the library", and "directly after doing a once-through of the new release books". The phenomenon has continued to be referred to sporadically in various media since 1985 and has given birth to a large amount of conjecture and speculation. Mariko Aoki herself has offered as explanatory models "that the smell of new books upregulates metabolism" or "that the defecatory nerve center is stimulated by tracking your eyes across the spines of books". People walking around looking for a bathroom have also been described as "wearing a vacant stare". In 2006, the philosopher Kenji Tsuchiya once attempted an experiment in which he gathered together some freshly delivered newspapers and newly purchased books, and then covered his face in the newspapers and books for 10 minutes each while doing deep breathing. There is also an interpretation that it is simply "because people always read on the toilet when at home". Ido acknowledges that this alone is unable to explain all aspects of the phenomenon as a whole, but considers that it at least accounts for part of the connection between bookstores and the defecation urge. Due to the scale of the reaction, the next issue Vol. Mariko Aoki herself has offered as explanatory models "that the smell of new books upregulates metabolism" or "that the defecatory nerve center is stimulated by tracking your eyes across the spines of books". At the same time, it is also a theory that has been subject to much rebuttal. While of course the phrase "Mariko Aoki phenomenon" is not one generally used in fields such as medicine or biology, due to its history of being a topic of interest such as in the examples set out above it is even sometimes introduced as being standard nomenclature. Matsuo raises the example of , in which loosening the eyelids can result in a relaxation effect. In discussions on the Japanese television program The Real Side of Un'nan from 1998 to 1999, the theory was advocated that, in addition to standing in an upright position for a long period of time, the "oppressive nature of bookshelves" may be a cause of stimulating the defecation urge. In the weekly magazine Aera November 17, 2003 edition; The Asahi Shimbun Co. Shinichiro Namiki, a researcher of paranormal phenomena, held that this theory is difficult to sustain since i symptoms are not observed in workers at places such as printeries or bookstores and ii symptoms can occur at places unrelated to the smell of books, such as rental video stores. The Japanese orthopedic surgeon and author Naruhito Fujita has said in relation to the Mariko Aoki phenomenon that the functions of the nervous system on the intestines are not as simple as something that can be explained in dualistic terms with the sympathetic and. A 27-year-old worker living in Kyoto City who struggled with bookstore defecation urges heard that his steam locomotive obsessed friend, by contrast, had experience being struck by sudden defecation urges whenever locomotives approached, and thus considers that the "thrilling" mood felt when one is close to something one likes could be related to this phenomenon. The Book Magazine reporting team listed features of this defecation urge that included urgency in the lower abdominal area, shivers across the entire body, facial pallor, cold sweat greasy sweat , and a bow-legged gait. On a 1998 episode of the television program The Real Side of Un'nan broadcast October 28, 1998 on TBS Television , the novelist and lyricist Seiko Ito offered the hypothesis that the feeling of frantic frustration that "I have to decide which one to buy" gives rise to a defecation urge. Sumioka says that the reason why he tends to see more younger people and women among such patients is because these demographics are more readily susceptible to feelings of shame. It has also been approximated that at least a few million people in Japan have experienced the phenomenon. An online reporter conducted an experiment in which, in order to verify the effectiveness of bookstores in alleviating constipation, four constipated females were sent to a "trendy book cafe" to eat and drink. However, since it is not the case that all persons with a book-bowel tendency have the habit of reading while on the toilet, this theory has been criticized as not offering a wholly integrative explanation. According to a Japanese online survey that was targeted at working women between the ages of 22 and 33, the number of responses answering "Yes" to the question "Have you ever felt a defecation urge when in a bookstore? One report has estimated the prevalence as being between 1 in 10 to 1 in 20 people. His theory was described in the December 17, 1998 edition of the magazine Bungei Shunju published by Bungeishunju-sha. For example, the magazine Common Man Weekly August 31, 1984 issue records television newscaster Tetsuo Suda talking about a similar experience. One report has estimated the prevalence as being between 1 in 10 to 1 in 20 people. Touching on the phenomenon in which hamsters and other small animals defecate when they feel fear or nervous tension, the orthopedic surgeon and author Naruhito Fujita has explained the similar points between that and the phenomenon of a defecation urge being triggered by the "exciting and thrilling feeling" of being in a bookstore. In hyperresponsive reactions to stress, the sympathetic nerves take precedence, ordinarily leading to a constipative tendency. It is not the case that there is any one particular disease or disorder called the "Mariko Aoki phenomenon". He notes that in Aoki's first magazine contribution on the subject she wrote that she would experience the symptoms whether "cradling a high-brow literary tome" or "standing to browse-read a manga comic," and Aoki has responded in subsequent interviews that her symptoms were not limited to occasions involving "any specific book. Tsukimura concludes that since both activities share the characteristic of triggering awareness of the internal self, it is sufficiently reasonable that a defecation urge might arise when in a bookstore. However, since it is not the case that all persons with a book-bowel tendency have the habit of reading while on the toilet, this theory has been criticized as not offering a wholly integrative explanation. In 2012 on the television program The Quiz God TBS; episode broadcast on June 29, 2012 , the contestants were asked the question, "What is the name generally given to the phenomenon named after the woman who submitted a letter to a magazine in 1985 about the phenomenon of experiencing a defecation urge when one is in a bookstore for a long period of time? An online reporter conducted an experiment in which, in order to verify the effectiveness of bookstores in alleviating constipation, four constipated females were sent to a "trendy book cafe" to eat and drink. From his examinations of patients complaining of "a defecation urge in bookstores", psychiatrist Takashi Sumioka has analyzed the causal factors that could affect psychosomatry as including "being surrounded by printed matter and feeling a pressure to find the book you're looking for", and says that he responds to such complaints by treating them as falling within the category of. Sumioka says that the reason why he tends to see more younger people and women among such patients is because these demographics are more readily susceptible to feelings of shame. In this way, it has been known from the outset that the phenomenon has a tendency to be transmitted from person to person. On the other hand, there is also a view that intrinsic factors such as individuals' mental status are the cause. Psychiatrist Takashi Sumioka 1997 , meanwhile, has noted the possibility that hidden behind the symptom of "wanting to go to the bathroom" may be a condition such as irritable bowel syndrome or anxiety disorder. The phenomenon is also known to show a tendency to pass on from person to person. Plastic surgeon Kiyoshi Matsuo has noted that "it can occur to anyone". Author Takashi Higaki has stated that one of his highly pleasing daily duties is to buy up a large number of books at the bookstore as part of his work, but that he "doesn't like hanging around in a bookstore for a long time because it triggers a defecation urge". Tsukimura concludes that since both activities share the characteristic of triggering awareness of the internal self, it is sufficiently reasonable that a defecation urge might arise when in a bookstore. Using the metaphor that these people "are the type of people who place themselves in the narrow gap between the borders of genre" for example, a person who, despite being a poet, takes the attitude of seeking to avoid a literary odor in his work , Nejime holds that it is this type of people who possess "the sweat of the dynamism of the unconscious" the power to move the minds of their readers. Sumioka says that the reason why he tends to see more younger people and women among such patients is because these demographics are more readily susceptible to feelings of shame. It has also been introduced in the same category as terminology from psychology and sociology such as "" and "". Also, the radio program Young Paradise on Nippon Broadcasting System from 1983 to 1990 had a corner for sharing bowel movement related episodes, and one time the defecation urge felt in bookstores was discussed by being referred to as the "Yoshiko Yamada syndrome". The topic was favorably introduced in 1995 on the television program Lifestyle Refresh Morning in the episode broadcast on July 26, 1995 on NHKG. According to this theory, the industry mixes large quantities of certain chemical substances into books and other paper products handled in day-to-day life, and these chemicals have the effect of stimulating the defecation urge, which increases the demand for toilet paper. Rectal curvature when standing left and leaning over right. The low-height book displays requiring the second posture are particularly common in Japanese bookstores. The essayist Mariko Ishibashi stated in a 1995 essay that the defecation urge is induced by the nervous tension generated when a "flood of information" pours into one's field of vision. Borrowing from this approach, this article also uses expressions from existing medical terminology for convenience. There are also people who fall into a state of anticipatory anxiety about "whether it might happen again next time". In 2012 on the television program The Quiz God TBS; episode broadcast on June 29, 2012 , the contestants were asked the question, "What is the name generally given to the phenomenon named after the woman who submitted a letter to a magazine in 1985 about the phenomenon of experiencing a defecation urge when one is in a bookstore for a long period of time? One famous interpretative model holds that this movement stimulates the defecation urge. In his book " Why Do People Feel the Need to Go When They're In a Bookstore? According to a Japanese online survey that was targeted at working women between the ages of 22 and 33, the number of responses answering "Yes" to the question "Have you ever felt a defecation urge when in a bookstore? Hamamoto stated that the phenomenon was not just a one-time topic and is probably one that will continue to be talked about into the future. According to Kasahara, it is easier to think that not the anxiety but rather something that seeks to overcome the anxiety is a contributory psychogenic cause of the phenomenon. In contrast to this, a column on the website of secondhand bookstore chain Book Off stated that "it is because the air conditioning is too cold". The psychological hypothesis that the effect arises from feelings of nervous tension in the face of all the information represented on the bookshelves is well supported by literary figures see 6. On the other hand, instances of children who experience the phenomenon have also been reported. On the other hand, there is also a report that casts a negative light on this theory. Mariko Aoki herself has been interviewed multiple times by the Book Magazine editorial department since 1985, and has remarked that she is not particularly bothered by her name being used. The thinker Tatsuru Uchida has stated that he is assailed by a defecation urge the moment that he reaches the state of an "academic high" when, after the plotting out of the content of an academic article has been protracted over a long period, an idea suddenly comes into his head. However, it is considered possible, in special circumstances—for example, when shown a glass of cold milk—for the gut to experiencing a loosening by way of a type of conditioned response mechanism. In 1997 when The Yomiuri Shimbun interviewed two novelists, the first——proffered the theory that "the feeling of nervous tension provoked by being in a sacred place in which knowledge is collected sets off peristaltic movement", while the second—Jiro Asada—indicated a belief that "the mental pressure in response to printed words is the cause". The state of mind immediately prior to and following onset has been complained of as a deflating feeling "of sheer patheticness". First, Shingu remarked that when we undergo a special experience the unobtainable cause of desire undergoes an upheaval and the in this case "feces" is projected as what Karl Jaspers described as the feeling that something is behind you. The television program The Real Side of Un'nan TBS TV conducted experiments from 1998 to 1999 to see whether the smell of ink could induce a defecation urge, but no results were obtained that supported the theory. Even in cases where the subject manages to remain continent, it is described as "a frustrating situation of half wanting to go to the bathroom and half feeling like one can put it off". However, Mariko Aoki's letter constituting primary literature in this respect contains the language "I ended up with the same disease soon after my friend complained of her own symptoms ", and it is also a fact that in humorous contexts the phenomenon is likened to a disease. Although this man's account of his experience did not garner any particular attention at the time of Vol. The thinker Tatsuru Uchida has called these clinical presentations a "latrine-seeking" problem. Author Takashi Higaki has stated that one of his highly pleasing daily duties is to buy up a large number of books at the bookstore as part of his work, but that he "doesn't like hanging around in a bookstore for a long time because it triggers a defecation urge". In an essay from 1981, the poet and novelist Shoichi Nejime confessed that he "is a person who experiences a defecation urge when he enters bookstores". Certain types of psychiatric disorders such as can be transmitted between people who are intimately close such as mothers and daughters or romantic couples by way of a kind of "false belief". Cases have also been identified where the phenomenon does not occur in bookstores, secondhand bookstores, or libraries, but in places such as CD stores, video rental stores, and video game stores. Many of the opinions look for a cause in chemical or physical stimulants existing in the bookstore environment. Some people have talked of a peculiar experience of "a heightened feeling in the mind of deep, literary emotion". The radiologist proposes that when the rectum stoops forward, the curvature is lost and any stool held there moves down to toward the anus. In the same way, Uchida conjectures, people who linger in a bookstore become so mesmerized by the books that their thoughts take flight a "flight of ideas" state and the defecation urge appears as a kind of signal to prevent such flight. The psychological hypothesis that the effect arises from feelings of nervous tension in the face of all the information represented on the bookshelves is well supported by literary figures see 6. In discussions on the Japanese television program The Real Side of Un'nan from 1998 to 1999, the theory was advocated that, in addition to standing in an upright position for a long period of time, the "oppressive nature of bookshelves" may be a cause of stimulating the defecation urge. No prodromal symptoms are known, with the phenomenon said to "occur regardless of how good one's physical condition is". To date there has been little attempt to scientifically validate the phenomenon, such that the state of observation currently does not extend much beyond experts and thinkers asserting their own theories among each other, theories which are based on subjective judgment.。 。 。

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青木まりこ現象とは?由来は?英語化されて海外でも話題!対策はあるのか!?

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青木まり子の現在。結婚してる?シモンズや五つの赤い風船に入ったという噂は?

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青木まり子

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「青木まりこ現象」って知ってる? 睡眠中の「ビクッ」に足裏の「ブチブチ」。あの現象をなんという?|テレ東プラス

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青木まり子って誰?歌手?プロ市民?日の丸マスクデマ批判の謝罪は?

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